Efficient Modified-LEACH Protocol for Enhancing WSNs’ Lifetime

  • Mehdi Masoodi PhD condidate
  • Mohsen Maesoumi Department of Electrical Engineering, Jahrom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Jahrom, Iran.
  • Ehsan Akbari Sekehravani Department of Electrical Engineering, Jahrom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Jahrom, Iran.
Keywords: LEACH protocol, Energy Efficiency, Clustering, Sensor Node


Obviously, it is inefficient and pretty impossible to replace or recharge batteries of sensor nodes (SN) in a vast wireless sensor networks (WSN). Consequently, one of the major concerns in such networks is energy efficiency (EE) which helps to improve reliability and lifetime of these networks. Many researches have been conducted and some efficient methods have been introduced to increase the EE in WSNs. Low-energy adoptive clustering hierarchy (LAECH) is one of these methods, which can decrease energy consumption of each SN. This paper offers a novel technique of clustering and selecting cluster head (CH) which takes the energy level of SNs and distance between them into consideration. This algorithm improves EE and lifetime of each SN. Simulations prove this claim. Moreover, the proposed protocol has not significant complexity since there is no difficult equation to cause overload, then in term of simplicity this novel protocol is significantly efficient.


Heinzelman, Wendi Rabiner, Anantha Chandrakasan, Hari Balakrishnan, "Energyefficient communication protocol for wireless microsensor networks," in System sciences , Hawaii, 2000.
Meenakshi Tripathi,Manoj Singh Gaur,Vijay Laxmi,Battula Ramesh Babu, "Energy efficient LEACH-C protocol for Wireless Sensor Network," in Third International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Information Technology , Mumbai, 2013.
W.B. Heinzelman ; A.P. Chandrakasan ; H. Balakrishnan, "An application-specific protocol architecture for wireless microsensor networks," vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 660 - 670, 2002.
Loscri, V., G. Morabito, and Salvatore Marano, "A two-levels hierarchy for low-energy adaptive clustering hierarchy," in Vehicular Technology , Dallas, 2005.
Vivek Katiyar ; Narottam Chand ; Gopal Chand Gautam ; Anil Kumar, "Improvement in LEACH protocol for large-scale wireless sensor networks," in International Conference on Emerging Trends in Electrical and Computer Technology, Nagercoil, 2011.
Emad Alnawafa, Marghescu Ion, "Improved MHT-LEACH protocol for wireless sensor networks," in 8th International Conference on Information and Communication Systems (ICICS), Irbid, 2017.
Ravi Kishore Kodali, Venkata Sai Kiran A., Shikha Bhandari and Lakshmi Boppana, "Energy Efficient m−level LEACH protocol," in Advances in Computing, Communications and Informatics
(ICACCI), At Kochi, 2015.
Amr Amwary ; Dusan Maga ; Tarek Nahdi, "Modified LEACH protocol for heterogeneous wireless networks," in New Trends in Signal Processing (NTSP), Demanovska Dolina, 2016
How to Cite
Masoodi, M., Maesoumi, M., & Akbari Sekehravani, E. (2019). Efficient Modified-LEACH Protocol for Enhancing WSNs’ Lifetime. Majlesi Journal of Telecommunication Devices, 8(4), 161-164. Retrieved from http://journals.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/td/index/index.php/td/article/view/586