Harmonic Mitigation in Iron and Steel Plants

  • VAIJU NAGO KALKHAMBKAR Associate Professor
Keywords: Single Tuned Filter,, Electrical Arc Furnace (EAF),, Flexible ac transmission system (FACTS),, Harmonics,, Passive Filters, Power Quality,, Reactive power


Electrical power quality defines the health of power systems including voltage and current quality, reliability of power supply, and maintaining sinusoidal nature of waveform. Voltage flickers and fluctuations, poor power factor, and harmonics are the most common power quality issues in steel producing plants due to Electric Arc Furnace (EAF), electrical drives, and welding machines. Non-linear characteristics of EAF are the major sources of power quality issues that mainly include harmonic production and large reactive power variations. In this paper, harmonic analysis is carried out in steel plant. The measured harmonics crosses the permissible IEEE standard limit. Shunt Passive filter is designed in proposed work for reducing harmonics mainly focusing on dominant 5th and 7th Harmonics. The performance of passive filter with EAF is simulated in MATLAB and CYME software. In addition, hardware and software results are presented in this proposed work.


1. M. H. J. Bollen, “Review-What is power quality?,” Electric Power Systems Research, Vol-66, pp. 5-14, July 2003
2. Ambra Sannino, Jan Svensson and Tomas Larsson, “Review-Power electronic solutions to power quality problems,” Science direct Electric Power Systems Research, Vol-66, pp. 71-82, July 2003
3. IEEE Standard 519-1992, “IEEE Recommended practice and requirements for harmonic control in electrical power systems”
4. IEEE Standard 141-1993, “IEEE Recommended practice for electric power distribution for industrial plants”
5. IEEE Standard 1459-2002, “IEEE Recommended practice for measurement and limits of voltage fluctuations and associated light flickers on ac power systems.
6. Singh Gaurav, and Rajput J., “Use Of Facts Device For Improving Power Quality In Industry,” International Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, Vol. 8, Issue 1, pp. 38–44, February 2017.
7. Huilian Liao, and Jovica V. Milanovic, “On capability of different FACTS devices to mitigate a range of power quality phenomena,” IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Vol. 11, pp. 1202 – 1211, May 2011
8. M. Deepika, S. Jain, and G. Agnihotri “Control strategies for distribution static compensator for power quality improvement,” IETE Journal of research, Vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 421-428, Sept. 2014
9. C. Resul, et al. “Three-level cascaded inverter based D-STATCOM using decoupled indirect current control,” IETE Journal of Research, Vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 207-214, Sept. 2014
How to Cite
KALKHAMBKAR, V. (2019). Harmonic Mitigation in Iron and Steel Plants. Majlesi Journal of Mechatronic Systems, 8(3), 19-26. Retrieved from http://journals.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/ms/index/index.php/ms/article/view/407