The Performance analysis of standalone PV system integrated with a Boost Derived Hybrid Converter for a residence in India
Solar photovoltaic (SPV) system is reliable and it receives energy infinitely to utilize sustainable life. Photovoltaic panels are available to satisfy the demands of the residential load as well as industrial load. Solar PV system is designed for different electric power utilization plant. Lack of electricity transportation is one of the obstacles in the development of rural India, which leads to power shut down very often in those places. People could not utilize electricity continuously, so the requirement of an alternate source is more. The Indian government has recognized the solar PV projects for the rural areas as a standalone or grid tied system. This paper has proposed to design a solar PV system plant for residential loads in a rural area at Trichy located in Tamil Nadu, India which is taken as a case study. A Boost Derived Hybrid Converter (BDHC) is a single input dual output converter which is used to design DC link as well as AC link for the residential load system. This BDHC produces AC and DC outputs simultaneously from the solar PV input system. SPV residential system consists of a 250W solar PV array, the battery bank, charge controller, BDHC and AC, DC plugs for the residential loads. MATLAB/Simulink software is utilized to design the entire power circuit and to analyze the active and reactive power and efficiency of the system. It is found that the BDHC with solar PV input for the residential load in the rural zone provides the minimized switching for simple AC and DC line and cost effective compared to other conservative energy sources.